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Английский язык - контрольная работа

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Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
а) 1. Russian chemical science is successfully solving many complex problems
2. Radio astronomy has given mankind efficient means for penetration into space.
6) 1. Becquerels discovery was followed by an intensive research work of Marie and
Pierre Curie.
2. Heat energy is transmitted in two different ways.
II.        Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II
и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно
определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите
предложения на русский язык.
Nylon was the first synthetic fiber used in clothing.
The atoms forming our planet are built of negative electrons, positive protons and ordinary neutrons.
This kind of treatment when used makes the metals heat-resistant.
When passing through an electroscope, X-rays cause its discharge.
III.      Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них
модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский
One object may be larger than another one, but it may weigh less.
Mass can also be defined as a measure of inertia.
Man-made satellites had to use solar cells as a source of power.
Plastics should be reinforced by different kinds of fibers.
IV.      Прочитайте текст и устно переведите на русский язык. Перепишите и
письменно переведите абзацы . Письменно ответьте на вопрос после текста.
Leonardo da Vinci was educated in his fathers house receiving the usual elementary education of reading, writing and arithmetic. In 1467 he became an apprentice learning painting, sculpture and acquiring technical and mechanical skills. He was accepted into the painters guild in Florence in 1472 but he continued to work as an apprentice until 1477. From that time he worked for himself in Florence as a painter. Already during this time he sketched pumps, military weapons and other machines.
Between 1482 and 1499 Leonardo was in the service of the Duke of Milan. He was described in a list of the Dukes staff as a painter and engineer of the duke. As well as completing six paintings during his time in the Dukes service he also advised on architecture, fortifications and military matters. He was also considered as a hydraulic and mechanical engineer.
During his time in Milan, Leonardo became interested in geometry. He read Leon Battista Albertis books on architecture and Piero della Francescas On Perspective in Painting.
Leonardo studied Euclid and Paciolis Suma and began his own geometry research, sometimes giving mechanical solutions. He gave several methods of squaring the circle, again using mechanical methods. He wrote a book, around this time, on the elementary theory of mechanics.
5.         Leonardo certainly realized the possibility of constructing a telescope. He
understood the fact that the Moon shone with reflected light from the Sun and thought
of the Moon as being similar to the Earth with seas and areas of solid ground.
In 1499 the French armies entered Milan and the Duke was defeated. Some months later Leonardo left Milan together with Pacioli. He traveled to Mantua, Venice and finally reached Florence. Although he was under constant pressure to paint, mathematical studies kept him away from his painting activity much of the time.
In 1506 Leonardo returned to Milan. Again his scientific work took precedence over his painting and he was involved in hydrodynamics, anatomy, mechanics, mathematics and optics.
In 1513 Leonardo moved to Rome. He led a lonely life in Rome again more devoted to mathematical studies and technical experiments in his studio than to painting.
After three years of unhappiness Leonardo accepted an invitation from King Francis I to enter his service in France. The French King gave Leonardo the title of first painter, architect, and mechanic of the King. Leonardo did no painting except to
finish off some works he had with him, St. John the Baptist, Mona Lisa and the Virgin and Child with St Anne. In France Leonardo spent most of his time arranging and editing his scientific studies. Leonardo da Vinci died 2 May 1519 in France.
Why did Leonardo realize the possibility of constructing a telescope?


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